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Advocate

A professional lawyer who assists the person he/she represents (the applicant or the respondent; the accused or the victim) in defending his/her legitimate interests. (1) When authorised, an advocate may prepare the documents necessary, submit them to court on behalf of the person he/she represents, assist the client in defending his/her legitimate interests during a court hearing and carry out other actions related to the case heard at court. (2) When authorised, an advocate may prepare the documents necessary, submit them to court on behalf of the client, assist the client in the defence against the charges (in case of the accused) or protect his/her interests (in case of a victim) during the trial and carry out other actions related to the case heard at court.

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Judge

The official of the State who administers justice. When directing court hearings and hearing cases, the judge shall be independent and abide only by law. (1) Having examined the case, the judge shall render a decision where he/she shall satisfy or dismiss the complaint submitted by the applicant regarding the actions or legal acts adopted by the respondent (in administrative cases). (2) Having examined the case, the judge shall render a decision where an administratively liable person shall be held liable for the commission of an administrative offence and an administrative penalty (a fine, community service or arrest) shall be imposed or where it shall be held that the person has not committed an administrative offence (in the cases regarding administrative offences). (3) Having examined the case, the judge shall render a judgment on behalf of the Republic of Lithuania where it shall be held that the accused is guilty of having committed a criminal offence and a sentence shall be imposed or the accused shall be acquitted (in criminal cases).

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Court clerk

An employee of the court who helps the judge organise a court hearing, records it course – switches on audio recording devices and makes the record of the hearing. The record captures the course of the hearing and the substance of the statements of the parties to the proceedings. 

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The accused

The person accused of having committed an offence. Charges against him/her are submitted by the prosecutor after the assessment of the data about the offence collected during pre-trial investigation. The accused may be represented at court by a professional lawyer – an advocate who is called a defence counsel and can help him/her defend against the charges. The accused is not required to say only the truth during the case hearing.

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Victim

The person to whom damage has been caused by the actions of the accused during the offence. The victim summoned to the court hearing must appear and give true testimony. A victim may be represented at court by a professional lawyer – an advocate who can help him/her defend his/her violated rights.

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Witness

The person who has information about the circumstances relevant for the case heard at court. The person summoned to the court to testify must appear at court and give a true account of all the circumstances which are known to him/her and are related to the case. A witness may refuse to testify only if the information is related to himself/herself, his family members or close relatives. The law provides for certain cases when a person cannot testify at court, for example, testimony may not be given by persons who have mental disorders, also priests who have become aware of certain circumstances during confession, etc.

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Prosecutor

The official of the State who, abiding only by laws and following only the instructions of the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Lithuania, organises and leads pre-trial investigation, maintains state charges at court (i.e. seeks to prove to the court that the accused has committed an offence) and suggests a sentence for the accused. Assisting the court in the administration of justice, a prosecutor defends the rights and lawful interests of persons, the public and the State.

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Advocate

A professional lawyer who assists the person he/she represents (the applicant or the respondent; the accused or the victim) in defending his/her legitimate interests. (1) When authorised, an advocate may prepare the documents necessary, submit them to court on behalf of the person he/she represents, assist the client in defending his/her legitimate interests during a court hearing and carry out other actions related to the case heard at court. (2) When authorised, an advocate may prepare the documents necessary, submit them to court on behalf of the client, assist the client in the defence against the charges (in case of the accused) or protect his/her interests (in case of a victim) during the trial and carry out other actions related to the case heard at court.

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Policemens

Escort means a group of armed officers of the police or other authorised institutions or agencies which escorts and brings detained, arrested or sentenced persons to and from court. Escorting officers ensure the guarding of the person brought to court, monitor that they do not cause harm to others and that they do not escape.“